How Internet work’s?

There’s no question that the internet has revolutionized humanity it is perhaps the greatest tool we have ever built for better or for us but how does it work who owns it where is the internet and who makes sure it keeps on running today let’s explore the internet its pioneers the organizations that keep it running its present and its future.

          The revolution begins in 1969 during this time the us defense department had a branch called the advanced research project agency or appa. Appa researched development many of technologies used for internet communications today at first they connected computers across a few universities and called it ARPANCET and over the next few year’s ARPANET grew connecting more and more  computers and eventually inspiring modern internet 20 years later English computer scientist sir Tim burners lee was to fix the mess that grew out of the incompatibility of different networks and certain system his solution was the world wide web although the internet and the web are often used as synonyms they are not the same thing the internet is the  infrastructure of the network while the web stats on top of this and is essentially a way to access information is the internet.

Tim berners lee invented the core on which most websites work he allowed  the internet to become uniform and usable let’s he never patented his idea one can only imagine the riches he gave up in order to allow for his invention to flourish the modern internet is now a huge array of inter connected points across the globe so the question must so asked how exactly it does the internet connect us all together while cables span across entire oceans to connect countries this isn’t a new idea as we have been laying cable since 1854 when construction began on the first transatlantic telegram cable the process is a surprisingly simple engineering feat for incredible complex technology each cable consists of nothing more than some optical fiber wrapped in materials for protection globally approximately 420 cable have been paid spanning over 1.1 million Kilometers as of 2017 so here how it works a ship pulls a cable from one country to another and then on the sea floor cable is laid by sea flows and dig a little the trench for the cable to fall into eventually natural ocean current bury the cable it the ground is uneven however the damage from the cable is in buried and   vulnerable to damage from ship anchors and other natural disasters in 2008.

One such disruption happened due to cable damage about 60% of India and 70% of Egypt’s internet services to a briefly cut with being said damage cables are not uncommon  repairs are constantly carried but really it is interesting to think  of how physically vulnerable the internet is of course there are so many other router to traffic to take that is almost nearly impossible to kill the internet by just cutting off one cable especially in more recent times since satellite now circle the earth  beaming down the internet from the skier after  their path across the sea there are systems of cable spanning across your country leading right up to your door that is if you are lucky and live in a place wealthy enough and populated enough to allow for a cable connection to the internet as a whole the internet is still growing and about half of every one that lives on earth has access to it so we still have yet to see what  the internet evolves  into by the time mall adoption reach saturation so who owns the internet technically no one  and everyone the internet itself is an autonomous interconnection of various voluntary network its decentralized so no one government or body owns of controls the internet.

 However government have the ability to control their citizen access to the internet via laws that impact the internet service provides or ISPS of that nation for example china restricts its citizens from accessing you tube in 2016 the US government officially handed over the ownership of the database which holds the domain names of the internet to a body called ICANN or the internet corporation for assigned names and numbers there guys have been  overseeing this database for the last 20 years this meant that we reached a point where the ownership was given back to the people I can is an one independent body which is comprised of a multi stakeholder community this means that I can tries to consult the internet community about change and at least tries to be a open and as transparent as possible so it’s unlikely that you have ever heard of I can but the nonprofit organization performs one of the most important ritual too keep the internet safe they manage .

The domain name system or DNSICANN the internet corporation for assigned names and numbers which basically assign wed addresser the California based organization is technically a not for profit but it has one of the biggest jobs in governing the internet to manage the domain name system or DNS this means that when you type in WWE Google can the response you received is from Google and not a take version of Google created by a nine trillion prints or other scanners every three months a groups of trusted community members gather to perform a ritual which will renew and insure the DNS system for the next three months the ceremony is recorded with tight security such as guards safe cage and alarm in fact the alarm are so sensitive that at one ceremony a slamming door set off the seismic sensor locking people into one of the cage an evacuation had to be triggered to them the master key is stored in a cryptographic device this device it dropped or lampered with will erase  all of its contents fragments of keys are distributed among the trusted members ensuring that no one person can create the master key this require the presence if at least fire of these people to come together to do so at the heart of this new system lies one master key that key is controlled by seven smart cards locked in one of two high security deposit boxes one on the east coast one on the west the keys to those boxes are scattered around the world in hands the of two groups of seven online security experts this is just one organization that helps makes sure the internet runs smoothly but they are not the only there’s a host of others such as the internet engineering task force and the world wide web consortium run by none other than Tim burners the protocols and ensure that the internet is safe and open.

          It’s undeniable that the internet has changed out life forever it has taken over so many faces of over lines its allowed people to carry around every encyclopedia in the world just in the palm of their hand I wonder how many people hand used Google to solve.

Arguments but with massive information also karma’s massive misinformation it’s much easier now for people to use conformation bias to validate their own point of view leading to the infamous each changer effect the used of social media has also drastically changed our lives it’s been said to be tearing apart the actual foundational fabric of how society functions so of course the internet has some negative aspects almost any technology does and this is because human nature is to blame for the way we use the tools we make not the tools themselves with that being said the internet also has many positives the internet has given  creators artists journalists and many others a platform that would otherwise just not exists your favorite you tuber’s wouldn’t be able to make their videos without internet .

                     THE FUTURE OF THE INTERNET

Internet is an immensely powerful tool but we have to use a right so how will the internet evolve well for starters it’s going to get faster 5g is set to yield at least a tenfold increase in speed there are some scientists and political figures who are questioning the safety of 5g these concerns a rise from the high frequencies associated with a high data transfer speeds however the frequencies produced by 5g are an order of magnitude less than the current international limits of 3a gigahertz.

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